Know the facts about testicular cancer

Compared with other cancers, it’s rare, but incidence rate is increasing

Testicular cancer occurrences are rare when compared with other types of cancer, but it’s still important to be aware of the signs and symptoms.

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35.

The American Cancer Society’s 2020 estimates for testicular cancer in the United States are:

  • About 9,610 new cases of testicular cancer diagnosed
  • About 440 deaths from testicular cancer


‘Highly Treatable’

Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination of treatments.

As is the case with all types of cancer, finding the disease early, when it’s small and before it has spread, often allows for more treatment options.  

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain
  • Cancer usually affects only one testicle.


When should you consult your physician?

If you encounter any of these above-mentioned symptoms, contact your physician. See your doctor if you detect any pain, swelling or lumps in your testicles or groin area, especially if these signs and symptoms last longer than two weeks.